Emma Higgins - Printmaker

Emma Higgins - Printmaker
EmEmma Higgins - Printmakerma Higgins - Printmaker

Emma Higgins - Printmaker


Monday, 14 April 2014

See all the stages of making a lino print

First I used a steel ruler and a scalpel to cut the lino to the right size.
 
Next I drew out my design onto the lino. This image will be in reverse when the print is made.
I chose to make a print of the beach, the sea, a local cliff called 'The Ness' in Teignmouth and the sky with low cloud.
 
Because I was going to be printing in several different colours, I needed to tape down a sheet of paper onto my desk to make a registration plate. Registration is the tricky art of placing the lino and paper in exactly the same position each time a new colour is added.
You can see that I drew around the lino block and then also around the squares of printing paper that I would be using. Each time I print, the lino and printing paper must line up exactly with these guidelines.
 
Next I squirted out some Lawrence Arts linseed oil printing ink onto my glass desk top and used a roller till I could tell that the ink was the right consistency (it makes a lovely tacky noise, then I know it's ready!) 
 
I used the roller to apply a layer of ink all over the lino block.
 
When the whole lino block was covered in light blue ink, I placed it back on the registration sheet.
 
I then carefully lowered my printing paper over the top of the lino block making sure that the edges of the paper matched the guidelines I had previously drawn on the registration plate.
 
I then used an old wooden spoon to press all over the back of the paper. This helped the ink to stick to the paper. You can see that I drew a pencil cross in the bottom left hand corner. This showed me which way up the paper needed to go when I added the next colours.
 
 I carefully peeled the paper back to reveal my design. In this case it was just a light blue square to start with!
 
I left the first colour to dry on the line.
I repeated this step until I had a whole line of prints.
 
My next step was to go back to my lino block and carve some away using sharp tools. You can see I use a bench hook and always cut away from myself to avoid injury!
 
I cut the lino away in the parts of my design that I wanted to keep light blue. In this case it was just the sky. The cloud, cliff, beach and sea all remain uncut.
 
I wanted to print a low grey cloud on top of the pale blue sky that I had already printed. Just as before, I prepared some grey ink and rolled it onto the top of my lino plate. I was careful not to get any grey ink on the rest of the lino.
 
Again, I placed the lino block onto the registration plate. I then carefully lined up and lowered my printing paper (the one that already had light blue ink printed onto it.)
 
Once I had pressed over it again with the wooden spoon and peeled the paper away from the lino block, this is what it looked like. The grey was printed on top of the light blue.
 
I repeated this step so that all prints were at the same stage.
 
Having finished printing the sky, I was able to cut away and discard the top half of my lino plate. This left the cliff, sea and sand to print using the bottom of the lino block.
 
I applied some pinky brown ink to the whole of the remaining lino block.
 
In the same way as before, I lined up my lino block and printing paper and added the new pinky- brown colour over the top of the light blue and grey.
 
I then cut away the sand and parts of the cliff on the lino block because I wanted them to stay pinky- brown. I rolled on mid blue ink to be able to print the sea. I used masking tape to make sure I didn't get any blue ink on the cliff, then removed the tape before printing. Some blue ink caught on the bottom of the plate but I encouraged this as it looked like pools of seawater on the sand.
 
 
 
This is what it looked like after printing the mid blue sea.
 
The last step was to cut away all the lino apart from anything that I wanted to be green which was to be my last colour. I kept the lino representing the trees and bushes on the cliff.
 
I applied the ink...
 
This is what it looked like once I had printed the green on top. All ready to mount and frame!
 
 
 


 

 You can find this print for sale here...   http://folksy.com/items/6487704-Cliff-lino-print   or

https://www.etsy.com/uk/listing/196697841/cliff-lino-print?ref=shop_home_active_1

 
 
 
 
 

I've also made another print of 'Coastline'. These two prints go well together as a set.

 
 

See this print for sale here...http://folksy.com/items/6397711-Beach-lino-print or https://www.etsy.com/uk/listing/194603071/beach-lino-print?ref=listing-shop-header-3